# The Ultimate Guide To Bitcoin Mining Code

Let's say you had one legit $20 and one quite good photocopy of that same $20. If someone were to try to spend both the true bill and the fake one, someone that took the trouble of looking at both of those bills' serial numbers would see that they were exactly the exact same number, and thus one of them needed to be fictitious.

That isn't a perfect analogy--we'll explain in more detail below. .

Once a miner has verified 1 MB (megabyte) worth of Bitcoin transactions, they are eligible to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was established by Satoshi Nakamoto, and is an issue of controversy, as some miners believe the block size ought to be increased to accommodate more data.

Note that I said that verifying 1 MB worth of transactions makes a miner eligible to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who supports transactions will receive paid out.

1MB of transactions can theoretically be as small as 1 transaction (though this is not in any way common) or several thousand. It depends on how much data the transactions consume.

In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to meet two conditions. One is a matter of work, one is a matter of luck.

2) You must be the first miner to arrive at the perfect answer to some numeric issue. This process is also known as a proof of work.

The good news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You may have discovered that miners are solving challenging mathematical problems--that is not true in any way. What they are actually doing is trying to be the first miner to come up with a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash") that is less than or equal to the target hash.

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The bad news: Since it is guesswork, you need a good deal of computing power in order to get there first. To mine , you need to get a higher"hash rate," that is quantified in terms of click to find out more megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).

If you want to estimate just how much Bitcoin you can mine with your mining rig's hash pace, the website Cryptocompare provides a very helpful calculator.

Either way a Resources GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 into the tens of thousands. Some miners--especially Ethereum miners--purchase individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a cheap method to cobble together mining operations. The photo below is a makeshift, high-tech mining machine. The graphics cards are such rectangular cubes with whirring circles. Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the pictures cards into the metal rod.

Case in point I tell three friends I'm thinking about a number between 1 and 100, and I write that number on a sheet of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't have to guess the specific number, they simply must be the first person to guess any number that's less than or equal to this number I'm thinking of.

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Let's say I'm thinking of the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21they lose because 21>19. If Friend B supposes 16 and Friend C supposes 12, then they have both technically came at viable answers, because 16<19 and 12<19. There is no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was closer to the target answer of 19. .

In Bitcoin terms, simultaneous answers occur frequently, but at the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented which can be equivalent to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will decide by a simple majority--51%--that miner to honour. Normally, it's the miner who has done the most work, i.e.

The losing block then becomes an"orphan block" .

Now imagine that I pose the"figure what number I am thinking of" question, however I'm not asking only three friends, and I am not thinking of a number between 1 and 100. Instead, I'm asking millions of prospective miners and I am thinking of a 64-digit hexadecimal number. Now you see that it's going to be extremely hard to guess the right answer.

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The number above has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand up to now. As you probably noticed, that number consists not just of numbers, but also letters of this alphabet. Why is that

In order to understand these letters are doing in the middle of numbers, let's unpack the word"hexadecimal."

As you knowwe utilize the"decimal" system, which means it is base 10. This in turn means that every digit has 10 chances, 0-9.