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Let us say you had one legit $20 and one really good photocopy of that same $20. If someone were to attempt to spend both the real bill and the imitation one, someone that took the problem of looking at both of the invoices' serial numbers would observe that they had been the same number, and consequently one of them needed to be fictitious.
This isn't a great analogy--we will explain in more detail below. .
Once a miner has confirmed 1 MB (megabyte) worth of Bitcoin transactions, they are eligible to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was established by Satoshi Nakamoto, and can be a matter of controversy, as some miners think the block size ought to be increased to accommodate more information.
Note that I said that verifying 1 MB worth of transactions makes a miner qualified to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who verifies transactions will get paid out.
1MB of transactions can theoretically be as little as 1 transaction (though this is not at all common) or several thousand. It depends on how much information the transactions consume.
In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to fulfill two conditions. One is a matter of effort, one is a matter of luck.
2) You have to be the first miner to reach the perfect answer to some numeric issue. This process is also known as a proof of work.
The good news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You may have heard that miners are solving challenging mathematical problems--that is not true at all. What they're doing is trying to be the first miner to come up with a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash") that is less than or equal to the target hash.
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The bad news: Because it is guesswork, you need a good deal of computing power in order to get there . To mine successfully, you need to have a high"hash rate," which is quantified in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).
If you want to estimate how much Bitcoin you could mine with your mining rig's hash rate, the website Cryptocompare provides a helpful calculator.
Either Visit Your URL a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 to the tens of thousands. Some miners--particularly Ethereum miners--purchase individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a cheap method to cobble together mining operations. The photograph below is a makeshift, high-tech mining machine. The cards are those rectangular blocks with whirring circles. Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the graphics cards to the metal rod.
Case in point : I tell three friends I'm thinking of a number between 1 and 100, and I write that number on a sheet of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't have to guess the specific number, they just have to be the very first person to figure any number that's less than or equal to this number I am thinking of.
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Let us say I am thinking about the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21they shed because 21>19. If Friend B guesses 16 and Friend C supposes 12, then they have both theoretically arrived at viable answers, because 16<19 and 12<19. There's no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was nearer to the target answer of 19. .
In Bitcoin terms, simultaneous answers occur frequently, but in the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented that are equivalent to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will decide by a simple majority--51 percent --which miner to honour. Typically, it's the miner who has done the work, i.e.
The losing block then becomes an"orphan block." .
Now imagine that I pose the"figure what number I'm thinking of" question, but I am not asking only 3 friends, and I am not thinking of a number between 1 and 100. Instead, I am asking millions of prospective miners and I am thinking about a 64-digit hexadecimal number. Now you see that it's going to be extremely hard to guess the right answer.
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The number above has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand up to now. As you probably noticed, that number consists not just of numbers, but also letters of this alphabet. Why is that
In order to understand these letters are doing in the center of numbers, let us unpack the term"hexadecimal."
As you knowwe use the"decimal" system, which means it is base 10. This in turn means that each and every digit has 10 possibilities, 0-9.